# IBPS Clerk English Language Questions with Answers Practice online test 13

Description: free IBPS Clerk English Language Questions with Answers Practice test 13 for IBPS Clerk Preliminary and Main online test Prepare bank Clerk banking mock exams adda

1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmersince water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.'Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,' says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of AgricultureResearch (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.

One case study that has been quite popular is use of$discarded$ plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean,wheat, and cotton are normally grown.

To $enhance$ income of the farmers of the area, anattempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation SubProject called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in $undulating$and rainfed areas. Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance ina small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.

Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.

'We wanted to try out this method in the farmer's field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,' says Dr Tomar.

In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a $sharp$ knife and the bottle filled with water. It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.

Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.

The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.

'I have been able to get a net profit of 15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,' says the farmer.

The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage. Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.

According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.

But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.

Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

Choose the word/group of words which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
$Overcome$
 vanquish exceed solve break rebut
2 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmersince water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.'Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,' says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of AgricultureResearch (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.

One case study that has been quite popular is use of$discarded$ plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean,wheat, and cotton are normally grown.

To $enhance$ income of the farmers of the area, anattempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation SubProject called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in $undulating$and rainfed areas. Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance ina small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.

Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.

'We wanted to try out this method in the farmer's field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,' says Dr Tomar.

In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a $sharp$ knife and the bottle filled with water. It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.

Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.

The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.

'I have been able to get a net profit of 15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,' says the farmer.

The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage. Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.

According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.

But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.

Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

Choose the word/group of words which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
$Undulating$
 uprooting bouncing twisted apathetic wavy
3 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmersince water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.'Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,' says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of AgricultureResearch (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.

One case study that has been quite popular is use of$discarded$ plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean,wheat, and cotton are normally grown.

To $enhance$ income of the farmers of the area, anattempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation SubProject called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in $undulating$and rainfed areas. Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance ina small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.

Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.

'We wanted to try out this method in the farmer's field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,' says Dr Tomar.

In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a $sharp$ knife and the bottle filled with water. It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.

Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.

The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.

'I have been able to get a net profit of 15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,' says the farmer.

The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage. Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.

According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.

But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.

Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

Choose the word/group of words which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
$Discarded$
 dismissed costly cheap empty rejected
4 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmersince water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.'Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,' says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of AgricultureResearch (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.

One case study that has been quite popular is use of$discarded$ plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean,wheat, and cotton are normally grown.

To $enhance$ income of the farmers of the area, anattempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation SubProject called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in $undulating$and rainfed areas. Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance ina small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.

Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.

'We wanted to try out this method in the farmer's field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,' says Dr Tomar.

In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a $sharp$ knife and the bottle filled with water. It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.

Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.

The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.

'I have been able to get a net profit of 15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,' says the farmer.

The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage. Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.

According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.

But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.

Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

Choose the word/group of words which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
$Sharp$
 dull blunt flat slow fine
5 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmersince water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.'Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,' says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of AgricultureResearch (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.

One case study that has been quite popular is use of$discarded$ plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean,wheat, and cotton are normally grown.

To $enhance$ income of the farmers of the area, anattempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation SubProject called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in $undulating$and rainfed areas. Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance ina small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.

Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.

'We wanted to try out this method in the farmer's field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,' says Dr Tomar.

In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a $sharp$ knife and the bottle filled with water. It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.

Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.

The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.

'I have been able to get a net profit of `15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,' says the farmer.

The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage. Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.

According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.

But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.

Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

Choose the word/group of words which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
$Enhancve$
 amplify exalt augment dimish enlarge
6 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) Elections in India is similar to the apocryphal story / 2) of the elephant whose reality / 3) is variously misinterpreted / 4) by blind men feeling different parts of it. / 5) No error
 1 2 3 4 5
7 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) If you are caught driving above the speed limit / 2) you might end up spending six months / 3) in jail rather than get off / 4) by just paying a small fine. / 5) No error
 1 2 3 4 5
8 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) Known for her immaculate turnout in public, / 2) Thatcher's appointments diary reveals, she had / 3) her hair style 120 times in 1984, / 4) an average of once in three days. / 5) No error
 1 2 3 4 5