IBPS Clerk English Language Questions with Answers Practice online test 24

Description: free IBPS Clerk English Language Questions with Answers Practice test 24 for IBPS Clerk Preliminary and Main online test Prepare bank Clerk banking mock exams adda

1 . Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Scientists have found irrefutableevidence that Mars once had the ingredients for life. This confirmation comes seven months after NASA's rover Curiosity landed on Mars.

Analysis of powdered samples drilled out from inside an ancient and once water-soaked rock at the rover's Gale Crater landing site shows clays, sulphates and other minerals that are all key to life, scientists told reporters atNASA headquarters in Washington on March 12. The water that once flowed through the area known as Yellowknife Bay, was likely drinkable, said Curiosity's lead scientist John Grotzinger, who is with the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology.

The analysis stopped short of a confirmation of organics, which are key to most Earth-like life. But with 17 months left in the rover's primary mission, scientists said they expect to delve further into that question. Scienceoperations currently are suspended because of a computer glitch, which is expected to be resolved shortly. Whether or not Mars has or ever had life, it should have at one time at least had organic compounds delivered to its surface by organic-rich comets and asteroids. Finding places where the organics could have been preserved, however, is a much trickier prospect than finding the environmental niches and chemistry needed to supportlife, scientists said.

In May, following a one-month interruption of radio communication caused by the positions of Earth and Mars, scientists plan to drill a second hole into the Gale Crater rock to look for organic compounds.

'If there was organic material there, it could have beenpreserved,' said David Blake, principal investigator for Curiosity's Chemistry and Mineralogy, or CheMin, experiment.

A lack of organics, however, would not rule out the Yellowknife Bay site as suitable for life, scientists added.'You don't have to have carbon present in a geological environment that's habitable in order to have microbial metabolism occur,' Grotzinger said. Some micro-organisms on Earth, for example, can feed on inorganic compounds, such as what are found inside rocks. 'There does need to be sources of carbon somewhere, but if it's just $CO^ 2$ , you can have chemoautotrophic organic compounds based on that carbon,' Grozinger said. Analysis shows the Gale Crater rock contains carbon dioxide, in addition to hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen Carbon dioxide provides a key ingredient in the building blocks for life, all of which have now been found in the Mars rock sample, Grotzinger said.

The $2.5-billion, nuclear-powered Curiosity rover landed inside the giant Gale Crater impact basin, located near the Martian equator, on August 6 for a two-year mission. Scientists were drawn to the area because of a five-km mountain of sediment, called Mount Sharp, rising from the crater floor.

But shortly after the rover's landing, the team decided to first explore the Yellowknife Bay area, located in the opposite direction from Mount Sharp.

Observations from Mars orbiters showed three different types of terrain coming together in Yellowknife Bay, plus a low elevation, all hints that water could have once flowed and pooled on the surface.
What do clays, sulphates and other minerals found near the rover's landing site suggest?

(A) Clays, sulphates and other minerals found near the rover's landing site suggest that huge volcanic eruptions might have taken place in the remote past.

(B) Clays, sulphates and other minerals found at the rover's landing site revealed that Mars once had favourable conditions for life.

(C) The evidence of clay found near the rover's landing site suggests that once water flowed through the area
A.  All (A), (B) and (C) B.    Only (B)
C.  Only (C) D.    Only (A) and (B)
E.    Only (B) and (C)
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2 . Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Scientists have found irrefutableevidence that Mars once had the ingredients for life. This confirmation comes seven months after NASA's rover Curiosity landed on Mars.

Analysis of powdered samples drilled out from inside an ancient and once water-soaked rock at the rover's Gale Crater landing site shows clays, sulphates and other minerals that are all key to life, scientists told reporters atNASA headquarters in Washington on March 12. The water that once flowed through the area known as Yellowknife Bay, was likely drinkable, said Curiosity's lead scientist John Grotzinger, who is with the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology.

The analysis stopped short of a confirmation of organics, which are key to most Earth-like life. But with 17 months left in the rover's primary mission, scientists said they expect to delve further into that question. Scienceoperations currently are suspended because of a computer glitch, which is expected to be resolved shortly. Whether or not Mars has or ever had life, it should have at one time at least had organic compounds delivered to its surface by organic-rich comets and asteroids. Finding places where the organics could have been preserved, however, is a much trickier prospect than finding the environmental niches and chemistry needed to supportlife, scientists said.

In May, following a one-month interruption of radio communication caused by the positions of Earth and Mars, scientists plan to drill a second hole into the Gale Crater rock to look for organic compounds.

'If there was organic material there, it could have beenpreserved,' said David Blake, principal investigator for Curiosity's Chemistry and Mineralogy, or CheMin, experiment.

A lack of organics, however, would not rule out the Yellowknife Bay site as suitable for life, scientists added.'You don't have to have carbon present in a geological environment that's habitable in order to have microbial metabolism occur,' Grotzinger said. Some micro-organisms on Earth, for example, can feed on inorganic compounds, such as what are found inside rocks. 'There does need to be sources of carbon somewhere, but if it's just $CO^ 2$ , you can have chemoautotrophic organic compounds based on that carbon,' Grozinger said. Analysis shows the Gale Crater rock contains carbon dioxide, in addition to hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen Carbon dioxide provides a key ingredient in the building blocks for life, all of which have now been found in the Mars rock sample, Grotzinger said.

The $2.5-billion, nuclear-powered Curiosity rover landed inside the giant Gale Crater impact basin, located near the Martian equator, on August 6 for a two-year mission. Scientists were drawn to the area because of a five-km mountain of sediment, called Mount Sharp, rising from the crater floor.

But shortly after the rover's landing, the team decided to first explore the Yellowknife Bay area, located in the opposite direction from Mount Sharp.

Observations from Mars orbiters showed three different types of terrain coming together in Yellowknife Bay, plus a low elevation, all hints that water could have once flowed and pooled on the surface.
Find the correct statement according to the passage
A.  Though there is no evidence of organics at Yellowknife Bay site yet the possibility of life over there cannot be ruled out B.    There can be no life without carbon or organic compound.
C.  Even micro-organisms cannot exist in geological environment where there is complete lack of organics. D.    The presence of water confirms the existence of life on Mars
E.    Mars is made of only geological materials and there is no possibility of life there
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3 . Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Scientists have found irrefutableevidence that Mars once had the ingredients for life. This confirmation comes seven months after NASA's rover Curiosity landed on Mars.

Analysis of powdered samples drilled out from inside an ancient and once water-soaked rock at the rover's Gale Crater landing site shows clays, sulphates and other minerals that are all key to life, scientists told reporters atNASA headquarters in Washington on March 12. The water that once flowed through the area known as Yellowknife Bay, was likely drinkable, said Curiosity's lead scientist John Grotzinger, who is with the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology.

The analysis stopped short of a confirmation of organics, which are key to most Earth-like life. But with 17 months left in the rover's primary mission, scientists said they expect to delve further into that question. Scienceoperations currently are suspended because of a computer glitch, which is expected to be resolved shortly. Whether or not Mars has or ever had life, it should have at one time at least had organic compounds delivered to its surface by organic-rich comets and asteroids. Finding places where the organics could have been preserved, however, is a much trickier prospect than finding the environmental niches and chemistry needed to supportlife, scientists said.

In May, following a one-month interruption of radio communication caused by the positions of Earth and Mars, scientists plan to drill a second hole into the Gale Crater rock to look for organic compounds.

'If there was organic material there, it could have beenpreserved,' said David Blake, principal investigator for Curiosity's Chemistry and Mineralogy, or CheMin, experiment.

A lack of organics, however, would not rule out the Yellowknife Bay site as suitable for life, scientists added.'You don't have to have carbon present in a geological environment that's habitable in order to have microbial metabolism occur,' Grotzinger said. Some micro-organisms on Earth, for example, can feed on inorganic compounds, such as what are found inside rocks. 'There does need to be sources of carbon somewhere, but if it's just $CO^ 2$ , you can have chemoautotrophic organic compounds based on that carbon,' Grozinger said. Analysis shows the Gale Crater rock contains carbon dioxide, in addition to hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen Carbon dioxide provides a key ingredient in the building blocks for life, all of which have now been found in the Mars rock sample, Grotzinger said.

The $2.5-billion, nuclear-powered Curiosity rover landed inside the giant Gale Crater impact basin, located near the Martian equator, on August 6 for a two-year mission. Scientists were drawn to the area because of a five-km mountain of sediment, called Mount Sharp, rising from the crater floor.

But shortly after the rover's landing, the team decided to first explore the Yellowknife Bay area, located in the opposite direction from Mount Sharp.

Observations from Mars orbiters showed three different types of terrain coming together in Yellowknife Bay, plus a low elevation, all hints that water could have once flowed and pooled on the surface.
Which of the following conclusions can be drawn on the basis of facts mentioned in the given passage?
A.  Chemoautotrophic organisms with the help of $CO^2$ generate organic compounds B.    Life is not possible without $CO^2$
C.  Some of the micro-organisms on Earth can feed on inorganic compounds D.    Gale Crater contains not only hydrogen, oxygen and phosphorus but also carbon dioxide
E.    All the above
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4 . Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Scientists have found irrefutableevidence that Mars once had the ingredients for life. This confirmation comes seven months after NASA's rover Curiosity landed on Mars.

Analysis of powdered samples drilled out from inside an ancient and once water-soaked rock at the rover's Gale Crater landing site shows clays, sulphates and other minerals that are all key to life, scientists told reporters atNASA headquarters in Washington on March 12. The water that once flowed through the area known as Yellowknife Bay, was likely drinkable, said Curiosity's lead scientist John Grotzinger, who is with the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology.

The analysis stopped short of a confirmation of organics, which are key to most Earth-like life. But with 17 months left in the rover's primary mission, scientists said they expect to delve further into that question. Scienceoperations currently are suspended because of a computer glitch, which is expected to be resolved shortly. Whether or not Mars has or ever had life, it should have at one time at least had organic compounds delivered to its surface by organic-rich comets and asteroids. Finding places where the organics could have been preserved, however, is a much trickier prospect than finding the environmental niches and chemistry needed to supportlife, scientists said.

In May, following a one-month interruption of radio communication caused by the positions of Earth and Mars, scientists plan to drill a second hole into the Gale Crater rock to look for organic compounds.

'If there was organic material there, it could have beenpreserved,' said David Blake, principal investigator for Curiosity's Chemistry and Mineralogy, or CheMin, experiment.

A lack of organics, however, would not rule out the Yellowknife Bay site as suitable for life, scientists added.'You don't have to have carbon present in a geological environment that's habitable in order to have microbial metabolism occur,' Grotzinger said. Some micro-organisms on Earth, for example, can feed on inorganic compounds, such as what are found inside rocks. 'There does need to be sources of carbon somewhere, but if it's just $CO^ 2$ , you can have chemoautotrophic organic compounds based on that carbon,' Grozinger said. Analysis shows the Gale Crater rock contains carbon dioxide, in addition to hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen Carbon dioxide provides a key ingredient in the building blocks for life, all of which have now been found in the Mars rock sample, Grotzinger said.

The $2.5-billion, nuclear-powered Curiosity rover landed inside the giant Gale Crater impact basin, located near the Martian equator, on August 6 for a two-year mission. Scientists were drawn to the area because of a five-km mountain of sediment, called Mount Sharp, rising from the crater floor.

But shortly after the rover's landing, the team decided to first explore the Yellowknife Bay area, located in the opposite direction from Mount Sharp.

Observations from Mars orbiters showed three different types of terrain coming together in Yellowknife Bay, plus a low elevation, all hints that water could have once flowed and pooled on the surface.
What is the meaning of the word 'irrefutable' as used in the given passage?
A.  indefinite B.    dubious
C.  questionable D.    indisputable
E.    inaccurate
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5 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) Harsh Vardhan said he was looking forward / 2) to serve his roots, as he had spent / 3) the first 15 years of his life / 4) in the streets of old Delhi. / 5) No error
A.  1 B.    2
C.  3 D.    4
E.    5
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6 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) A family office has to/ 2) execute all tasks related to / 3) manage the wealth of / 4) the super-rich family. / 5) No error
A.  1 B.    2
C.  3 D.    4
E.    5
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7 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) Service providers in the financial industry, specially private banks / 2) and wealth management firms, are increasingly / 3) forced to standardise their / 4) products to optimise profits. / 5) No error
A.  1 B.    2
C.  3 D.    4
E.    5
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8 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) Social or impact funds are private equity-like funds / 2) that pool money from investors / 3) and put it to work in a portfolio of ventures / 4) that meet the funds' objective. / 5) No error
A.  1 B.    2
C.  3 D.    4
E.    5
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9 . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is 'No error', the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
1) While residential land purchases / 2) have benefited many investors / 3) buying land can be risky, / 4) especially for a NRI. / 5) No error
A.  1 B.    2
C.  3 D.    4
E.    5
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10 . Rearrange the following five sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A) The working group had examined fair-practice codes adopted by bankers in other domains like UK, Canada, Hong Kong, Singapore and Australia and prepared a draft Banker's Fair Practice Code, duly incorporating some of the finer points from those documents.

(B) The RBI, while announcing the formation of the Banking Codes and Standards Board of India (BCSBI) in the annual Policy Statement, had requested the IBA to set up a working group to draft a comprehensive fair practice code, covering all the areas of customer service for uniform adoption by banks.

(C) BCSBI made further refinements to the code and the Code of Bank's Commitment to Customers was brought out.

(D) Accordingly, the IBA had set up a working group to study the international practices and review the existing codes.

(E) It further refined the draft code, incorporating the suggestions fr om the member banks and submitted it to the BCSBI
Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
A.  A B.    E
C.  C D.    B
E.    D
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